It ate thru the finish. All you can do is refinish the top. Sorry.
I agree with Kelli. This is not a stain, Yoli. It literally removed the finish that is on the table. I am sorry, too.😞 It seems that refinishing the table top is your only solution. I wish you luck.
the acetone in the polish remover removed the finish on the table; you MIGHT be able to fix with some of these ideas ..