What can I use to smooth off a dining room tabletop?


I refinished my dining tabletop with satin oil based varathane but I would like to smooth it out. Any recommendations such as using wax?

q what can i use to finish off a dining tabletop
  10 answers
  • Oil based varathane is a polyurethane and will protect the wood. If the finish isn't smooth, you may need to give it a light sanding with fine sandpaper or steel wool, wipe away the dust and apply another coat of varathane.

  • Bennet Bennet on Feb 01, 2020

    I did that 4 times. The biggest problem is that the grain of the inlays go in different directions and it's almost impossible to get good long smooth brush strokes. I was wondering if I could use a wax over it?

    • Linda Sikut Linda Sikut on Feb 01, 2020

      Hi Bennet,

      The regular wax will only show what is underneath. It's not designed to fill in holes. You might look for some wax "crayons" in a hardware store. If you can match your table those "crayons" are meant to help mask finishes like you have. While the grains are harder to sand due to the direction, that is the place to fix any uneven surfaces. The other thing you can do is think of them as giving character to the table and leaving them as they are. My guess is that no one else will even notice them. Wishing you the best.

  • Michelle Michelle on Feb 01, 2020

    I too would suggest using 000 steel wool and recoating. If it is still uneven, you could put a pretty table cover on the diagonal where the corners meet.

  • Zard Pocleeb Zard Pocleeb on Feb 01, 2020

    The thing about finishing is to ‘finish the finish’. What I mean is that you have to sand between coats. If you do this the end product will be very smooth. The problem you might encounter is if you didn’t sand after the first coat. This would mean there are ‘nibs’ (small dirt and dust particles) that are embedded underneath subsequent coats. If this is the case the only fix is to sand the finish completely off and begin anew making sure to sand between coats. Sand until the finish is perfectly smooth, then apply the next coat. I recommend three coats of finish.

    Another important consideration is the type of finish. I recommend lacquer because it dries extremely fast. You want something fast drying because the longer the ‘open time’ (time that the finish is wet and tacky), the more dirt and debris can settle on the finish. Polyurethane, varnish, shellac, and other similar products have long open times, and thus a lot of foreign matter collects on the finish. Lacquer is also easily repaired because putting additional lacquer on top of an existing coat melts the top coat and the two blend together. There is no other finish that does this. As far as brands, I recommend Minwax Brushing Lacquer. I spray my finishes but it works equally well with a brush. I have been using it for probably 20 years in my shop and it’s a great product. If you follow these steps you will have the smooth finish you’re looking for.

    • See 1 previous
    • Zard Pocleeb Zard Pocleeb on Feb 02, 2020

      That should work fine. To be sure get a piece of scrap wood and do a test by first applying the varathane, then the lacquer.

  • Try a 600 or 800 grit sandpaper and remove that dust with a barely damp rag then go from there.

  • Robyn Garner Robyn Garner on Feb 01, 2020

    Bennet - I realize you don't want to redo the effort you've already put in but your choices are really to either live with it as is or sand/strip off the poly and redo it. Putting lacquer over the poly won't fix your issue.

    Try sanding the worse "bumps" with a fine sandpaper to see how far in it is. If you're lucky, you can get rid of them without a full strip.

  • William William on Feb 01, 2020

    Should have used water based poly and a foam brush. No brush strokes and flows on smoothly. At this point wax will not do anything. Lacquer needs to be sprayed to get a smooth finish. Like the clearcoat on a car. It's also solvent based. What I would do use a green kitchen scrubby and lightly sand the finish. Apply three coats of a water based poly sanding in between coats with the green pad. Also use a foam brush and not the dollar store kind.

    • Bennet Bennet on Feb 02, 2020

      Prior to doing the table, I read that oil based is best to use on on a table that gets lots of use. I would've preferred a water base. You think it would be OK to apply the water based poly on top of the oil based? And how would the water base hold up on a heavily used table?

  • Robyn Garner Robyn Garner on Feb 02, 2020

    If you choose to try as William says (he knows a lot!), I'd use a 000 steel wool rather than a scrubby to sand between coats. Also make sure you get ALL the stuff off the surface between coats.

  • William William on Feb 02, 2020

    It is OK to use a water-based polyurethane over an oil-based finish in good condition. “Roughen” the surface finish lightly with medium or fine-grit sandpaper or a green kitchen scrubby (it's what I use) in the direction of the grain. You want to remove the gloss from the finish. Remove all the dust with a vacuum, tack rag, or damp cloth. Steel wool can leave shards of metal embedded in the wood you won't notice until you apply the finish.

    The advantage of the water-based finish is ease of use, quick drying (usually 2 hours), no odor, and easy cleanup. Both water based and oil based poly offer good protection; the biggest difference is in appearance.

    Oil-based polyurethanes leave an amber glow and require fewer coats. But the five-hour wait between coats and 12-hour wait after the last coat will put the table out of commission for a few days—and you’ll have to put up with a strong odor.

    Water-based polyurethanes provide a clear finish and have low odor. You can recoat them in two hours and clean your tools with water. If you start early enough in the day, you can apply the recommended three coats. It’s actually the most durable hardwood floor finish so it it does offer durability on furniture.

    • Bennet Bennet on Feb 02, 2020

      would you recommend staining or is that not necessary? The poly that I used had the stain in it.

  • William William on Feb 02, 2020

    No staining. Your just removing the gloss and putting a new clearcoat on to smooth the surface. Make sure you use a foam brush in long strokes. Water based goes on milky white but dries clear. It's all I ever use.