Hi Chaya, I painted over a laminate-coated desk with magnetic primer and chalkboard paint without a problem. I just sanded the surface to scuff it up a little bit, then painted. Here's the results:
I definitely recommend primer. You don't have to go magnetic, of course, but it worked for me.
However, if I recall from a previous post, you are in a rental. This is going to be hard to undo when you move out, if needed.
I agree, just scuff the surface. I usually like to use a primer over laminate unless I am using a chalk based paint. Different from chalkboard paint. You can literally paint over anything, there is always a product to make the paint stick. Good luck!
My primer of choice would be Zinnser's BIN it's a pigmented shellac and is really tough. Use a throw-away brush or use amonia & water for clean-up
Sherwin-Williams has a primer that works great on laminate. Just don't remember the name. No need to scuff the surface of the laminate with this product.
Good luck, Gary
Yes you can use a chalk paint over laminate, however you really want to sand the shine off the laminate and give it a good scruff down with TSP or hot water with lemon juice. The lemon juice cuts any oil residue efficiently.