How To Grow Carrots
Carrots like sandy, well-drained soil. They do not do well in clay, compact, rocky, or water-logged soil. They like moisture, but not wet soil that will not drain. If your natural soil is not optimum for carrots, you could try a raised garden bed and prepare it with soil that will work better.
Till the soil deep and well, down to a couple of inches below the debt of fully grown carrots. Remove rocks, twigs, roots, etc. Then dig down some fertilizer. Example: 0-10-10 or 5-15-15.
Dig through the soil with a hand rake to get rid of any rocks, twigs, and other debris, and also to fluff up the soil. Afterward, gently smooth out the top without packing it down. Mark lines for rows and makes skinny grooves (1/4 inch or so) with a finger or a trusty weeding tool.
As seeds are really tiny, pour some into the palm of the hand and pinch a few at a time with fingertips, rubbing them together and sprinkle into each groove. Move hand along the row so that they fall fairly evenly into the groove. Close up the space by pinching a little bit of dirt from either side of the groove.
Water them using a shower or a sprayer to help distribute the water gently and evenly. They can be thinned to about an inch apart as soon as they have emerged or within the first week or two thereafter(around 3 inches tall ). Keep up on weeding so they don’t get crowded out. Be careful to not disturb the carrot roots while weeding.
As the carrots grow, you’ll start seeing some of the tops grow up and out of the soil just a little bit. Make sure to push some dirt up around the tops and cover them well, as the uncovered areas tend to turn green and bitter when exposed to the sun.
You can harvest carrots anytime you like, but they will need some time to develop flavor and sweetness. I like them when they are close to full size. Don’t let them grow too large and thick around or they become very woody and tough. For the sweetest flavor and better storage, try to harvest in the morning before the soil heats up too much.