My baby Nectarine tree is oozing sap!

Jan Clark
by Jan Clark
It's coming from various spots on the trunk. No obvious pests or disease, just gobs of sap. This tree is 2 years old so the trunk is less than 1" and it's only about 6' tall. Anyone know what's going on?
  4 answers
  • Just Retired Just Retired on Jun 16, 2017
    They will eventually close them selves, but first apply a fungicide to those points to ensure no disease enters before they close themselves.

    • Jan Clark Jan Clark on Jun 17, 2017
      Thanks, Janet, the pictures on the site were a real help. Looks like this baby is done-for since it is too small to cut out the canker. At least my peach tree is doing great.

  • Carole Triplett Brooks Carole Triplett Brooks on Jun 16, 2017
    Nectarine fruit oozing is caused by a couple of major offenders — primarily environmental problems and insect pests. Sometimes, oozing nectarines aren’t cause for alarm, since it can be a natural part of the ripening process, but it can also be a sign that the tree isn’t getting adequate care.

    Environmental issues Improper care – Be sure to provide your fruiting nectarine with plenty of water during dry periods, adding mulch when necessary to help even the moisture levels out. A 10-10-10 fertilizer should be broadcast in a 2-foot circle around the tree, leaving 6 inches around the trunk unfertilized, as blooms are opening in early spring.

    Frost damage – Frost damage can cause nearly invisible cracks that cause sap oozing in nectarines as temperatures climb in the spring. There’s not much you can do about these cracks, except to provide your plant with excellent care and paint the trunks white in the fall, once cracks have healed. The lighter coloration protects against frost damage, though may not help much during a very hard freeze.

    Canker-causing pathogens often enter through cracks in the bark and may develop after penetrating frost damage. A variety of fungi and bacteria invade the tree, causing thick sap to ooze from an often brown and wet-looking depression. Cankers can be pruned out, but you must be sure to cut at least six inches into clean wood to prevent them from spreading further. Insect pests

    Fruit moths – Oriental fruit moth larvae burrow into fruits, often from the stem end, and feed around the pit of the fruit. As they break down tissues, excrement and rotting fruit may drip out of tunnel openings located on the underside of the fruits. Once they’re inside, your only option is to destroy infected nectarines. The insect parasite Macrocentrus ancylivorus is a highly effective control for fruit moths and can prevent them from entering fruits. They’re attracted to large stands of sunflowers and may be held in the orchard year round with these plants, provided you don’t kill these beneficial insects with broad-spectrum pesticides.

    Stink bugs – Stink bugs are less likely to surprise you with sudden damage of ripe fruits; they often begin attacking fruits while they’re green, leaving small, blue-green spots where they’ve been sucking sap. The flesh will turn corky as it matures or may be dimpled, and gum may ooze from feeding sites. Keep weeds mowed to discourage stink bugs and hand pick any bugs that you see. Indoxacarb can be used against stink bugs and is relatively safe for beneficial insects.

    Borers – Borers are drawn to trees that are already sick, especially when the problem creates openings in the tree’s bark. There are many different species of borers on nectarines, with peach borers most prevalent, but they’re all somewhat difficult to control because they spend much of their lives inside the tree. When small holes are noticed in limbs, twigs, or branches, you may be able to save the tree by pruning them out. There’s no safe and effective control for borers that are already deeply ingrained in the trunk. Mating disrupters are used in some commercial settings, but won’t impact all borer species.

    • Jan Clark Jan Clark on Jun 17, 2017
      Thanks, Carole. It's coming from the bark so it looks like canker. The tree is too small to treat so it will have to be destroyed. We've had hail storms this year, maybe the fungus got in that way. Like I said, I saw no insects and nearby trees don't have borers or anything else on them.

  • Carole Triplett Brooks Carole Triplett Brooks on Jun 17, 2017
    Sorry you have to lose it. Better to find out now. Get a healthy one in the ground as soon as you can - it will grow faster.