What size and shape is the piece of 'material' or is it mesh?
How are the ends or edges finished?
Please post a picture so that we can see what you are starting with.
You could make a frame out of wood and attach the fabric to the frame using staples, get the kind that won't rust.
Here's 2 ideas that might inspire you!
You could sink the posts the way she did and then stretch the mesh between. https://www.hometalk.com/17849926/diy-privacy-fence-in-backyard
Here's another idea for you: https://www.diynetwork.com/how-to/outdoors/structures/how-to-make-a-decorative-fabric-fence
The holes make great anchor points to attach to some type of frame.
Maybe make like a clothes line and hang a large tarp
You will need framework to attach to, such as posts. If it has grommets, even better since you could use them to the it off. Good luck and stay safe!
I used 3 large flower pots filled with concrete with a post stuck into the center of each pot then attached wooden poles to hang a privacy material like coolaroo like curtains. Attached 1 inch washers across the bottom as weight so they didn’t blow around but I could pull back to walk through and mow.