That is dirt, not mold.
Kim: give it a good cleaning -- and then simply apply chalk paint... no other prep necessary! Here's a good beginner's guide:
It will need to be thoroughly sanded and then primed. I use Kilz. Then you can paint it blue. I would use an hvlp to paint it.
Give a good clean and sand and then paint it with latex paint.
In addition to first cleaning and allowing to dry, I would drip some wood glue (or Elmer's) down the split I can see in the back of the chair. Clamp and allow to dry. If you use chalk paint, there is no other prep you'll need to do. You can even seal it when finished with spray matte poly!
If you want to save some money, you can make your own chalk paint using Plaster of Paris (cheap! $4/quart) and your preferred shade of blue latex paint.
Mix 1/3 cup of Plaster of Paris and 1/3 cup of cool water; stir until completely smooth. Mix that with 1 cup of latex paint and stir thoroughly. This will make enough chalk-finish paint for one coat on a six-drawer dresser, which is way more than you'll need. I'd cut it in half.
clean with a degreaser, rinse and wipe with a microfiber cloth. Fill in any cracks with Elmers wood filler. Then prime with a stain blocking primer. Lightly sand again, then paint the color of your choice with latex paint. If needed lightly sand again. Give it a final coat. Let each step completely drie between coats.
You can use a sander to remove all the paint. There is a product called citri strip which will also remove the old paint. Chalk paint is a nice paint to use.
Hi Kim - We found these vintage Adirondack chairs that were from the 1930's, and restored them into gorgeous pieces of outdoor furniture. It's a different kind of chair, obviously, but the steps to restore will be the same. You can see the transformation here (and they have even been featured by Hometalk!). Hope this helps with some inspiration. Hugs, Holly
I love chalk paint as well. If the chair is going inside, you can just give it a great clean and then paint away. Have fun! Annie Sloan has some gorgeous blues by the way :) So many beautiful ones to choose from.
Sand it, prime and paint it. The hardest choice will be to use chalk paint or spray paint.
Sand it down until completely smooth. Prime with a good primer and then paint with a paint, at least two finish coats, that will stand up to wear and tear, like enamel.
All of these are great answers. I see rust on the back’s fasteners.
I would remove them, if easily done, clean them and clear coat them at a minimum to keep the rust from staining your hard work.
Depending on how picky you are, you can decide on two options. In either case, clean the chair well. If you don't mind imperfections and like the "farmhouse" look, you could simply paint with chalk paint in the blue color you love. If you'd like it to look my smooth, then sand the entire chair using a medium sandpaper then a more fine sandpaper. Then paint in a blue enamel or flat paint as you desire.