How to Make a Compost Bin From a $9 Garbage Can

3 Materials
15 Minutes

Up next in my late summer garden series is how to make your own compost bin from a $9 garbage can! Super exciting, right!? I may be a novice gardener as this is the first year I've had my own garden outside of tomato plants in pots on my deck but I do know that if you want your plants to really thrive you need fertilizer or compost. Plus now that my family is eating healthier we can throw some of our garbage in the compost instead of in a landfill and then use that garbage to help grow more healthy fruits and vegetables. Win, win in teaching the kiddos about reducing our carbon footprint and living off the land. I could have just purchased one of these fancy tumbling composters and called it a day (I still might, they are pretty awesome) but I'm cheap and I prefer to DIY anything and everything I can, plus this DIY compost bin is super easy to make and requires minimal supplies.

Compost Bin Supplies:

- Garbage Can (I bought mine at Menards for a little less than $9)

- Drill

I gathered my supplies and set to work drilling holes so that air could circulate inside the bin to speed along decomposition. Make sure your garbage can has a lid so that any critters that might want to get into your compost are not able to and so that it doesn't get too soaked with rain or too dried out from the sun.

I drilled holes all along the top, bottom and sides of the bin for plenty of aeration. It was very easy and it was actually pretty fun to be honest.

After my compost bin was complete I needed a place to put it that would be easily accessible for dumping scraps and for gardening. I found a spot right by the deck and the garden and placed the bin on top of some of the same concrete pavers that I used for my garden so that it would be off the ground.

Now that I had my bin all set up I needed compost. Making compost is pretty simple, you just need a 3 to 1 ratio of brown (carbon) to green (nitrogen) material. Here's some good examples of brown and green materials that you can use. Also keep in mind that the smaller the pieces you use of these materials, the faster they will break down, so shred, tear or cut down your materials as small as you can get them!

Brown Material

-Dry Leaves

-Wood Chips

-Shredded Tree Branches

-Straw or Hay


-Pine Needles



Green Material

-Food Scraps (fruits and vegetables but NO dairy, meat or cooked foods)

-Grass or Plant Clippings (that are free from chemical herbicides)

-Egg Shells

-Coffee Grounds (you can throw in the coffee filter too)

-Manure (NOT from dogs or cats though)

-Recently Pulled Weeds

 If you don't have a good mix of brown and green material your compost may not heat up, which is necessary to break down organic matter, and it may take longer to break down into usable compost. Your compost may even start to smell bad if you don't have a good ratio of brown to green. 

But not to worry, composting is very user friendly (seriously, if I can do it, ANYONE can). If your compost looks too wet and smells bad, simply add more brown material and/or aerate (stir) more often. If your compost looks brown and dry, add green material and water to make it slightly moist. Your pile should always be slightly damp (about as wet as a wrung out sponge), but not too wet or it will rot.

When I first started my bin I didn't have much for either brown or green material. I took a bag of dried leaves from my Mother in laws house to help with the brown part. I also stole a little metal garbage can from my son's room to put food scraps (green material) in and store under the kitchen sink until it was full enough to dump into the compost bin. You can buy some pretty cute compost containers from Amazon if you don't happen to have children that are obsessed with garbage cans.

Even though I didn't have much to start my compost pile I still wanted to get it started right away. I gathered together what I had and dumped it into my compost bin. I put 3 parts brown material (dry leaves) to 1 part green material (food scraps and grass)

I then watered my compost so that it would be moist but not waterlogged.

Last, but not least, I needed to aerate my compost. You can use a pitchfork, shovel or even a branch to stir up the material. Since my compost bin has a lid that seals pretty tight I rolled my bin along the ground to get everything really stirred up. Make sure to aerate at least once a week and add water as needed to keep it all moist.

When your compost no longer gives off heat and becomes dark brown and crumbly, like rich earth it's ready to feed to your garden! My compost has been going for a few months and is almost ready. I'm going to continue to compost during the winter and hopefully have a large amount for my garden next spring. Here's a picture of how my compost is looking three months in. So far composting has been very easy with minimal effort (saving food scraps and dumping brown and green material and keeping the compost moist and aerated) and affordable since the only money we've put into it was $9 for a garbage can. What I love the most is that our whole family is involved and we're reducing our carbon footprint while also helping to grow healthy foods. Hopefully this DIY compost bin has inspired you to start your own compost pile! To see more on my compost bin check out my blog post

Resources for this project:
See all materials
Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.
Hometalk may collect a small share of sales from the links on this page.More info
Thrifty Artsy Girl
Want more details about this and other DIY projects? Check out my blog post!
Frequently asked questions
Have a question about this project?
3 of 7 questions
  • Kathy Truden Brassard Kathy Truden Brassard on Sep 13, 2022

    I want to know where you found a garbage can for $9!! You can't even find a desktop one for that!

  • Peggy L Burnette Peggy L Burnette on Sep 11, 2023

    When everything turns to compost do you need to remove it or can you just keep adding 3 to 1?

  • Zel24088130 Zel24088130 on Sep 12, 2023

    Hello. Can the compost you create be used on houseplants?

Join the conversation
2 of 21 comments